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Kyrgyz Weekly - English Edition, 19-25 Nov 2006 - kyrgyz_weekly_e
Kyrgyz Weekly - English Edition, 19-25 Nov 2006
Review of the week main events in Kyrgyzstan

1. Kyrgyzstan is a failed country, say Moscow experts.
2. No transfer to real parliamentary republic is made in Kyrgyzstan.
3. The new constitution does not correspond to rules of working out such documents.
4. Kyrgyz people head for Russia more than for the USA.
5. The parliament against joining the HIPC Initiative.
6. The authorities begin a process of disbanding the parliament - Tekebayev.
7. Premier Kulov in Minsk.
8. Color revolutions are the final act of the USSR collapse - a Russian expert.
9. Also in the week of 19 - 25 November 2006...

20 November, Monday:

1. KYRGYZSTAN IS A FAILED COUNTRY, SAY MOSCOW EXPERTS. A research group of the Moscow Institute for International Relations released on 20 November results of their study The Present Political Atlas, which ranks all the 192 UN-member countries in several ratings. According one of them, The Index of Statehood, Kyrgyzstan was considered a failed country and placed on the 191st position after Afghanistan and just before the last state in the world, Chad. Timor (the 189th), the Central African Republic (188th), Burundi (187th), Guinea-Bissau (186th) and Bhutan (placed on the 185th place in the world) were named the stronger states than Kyrgyzstan. Georgia also is in a critical area, on the 183rd place. According to The Index of Potential International Influence, the USA is on the first place followed by 2. China, 3. Japan, 4. Germany, 5. France, 6. Great Britain, 7. Russia, 8. India, 9. Italy and 10. Saudi Arabia. Among the former Soviet republics, the most influential (besides Russia) is Ukraine - it is on the 29th place in the world. Belarus is 71st, Kazakhstan 73rd, Uzbekistan 78th, Azerbaijan 83rd, Armenia 108th, Georgia 110th, Turkmenistan 118th, Lithuania 120th, Moldova 126th, Latvia 128th, Kyrgyzstan 131st, Tajikistan 134th. Estonia was considered the least influential and placed on the 155th place behind Turkmenistan and Tajikistan.

According to The Index of Statehood, the USA is again on the first place followed by 2. Japan, 3. Switzerland, 4. Germany and 5. New Zealand. Russia is on the 27th place and Uzbekistan is stronger than Kazakhstan or Ukraine: 94. Uzbekistan, 102. Belarus, 108. Lithuania, 110. Latvia, 111. Kazakhstan, 113. Ukraine, 122. Estonia, 141. Azerbaijan, 164. Moldova, 172. Tajikistan, 177. Armenia, 183. Georgia, and 191. Kyrgyzstan. The Living Conditions are the best in 1. Luxembourg, 2. Ireland, 3. Norway, 4. San Marino, and 5. the USA. They area better in Estonia (47), Lithuania (50) and Latvia (55) than in Russia (73), Belarus (89), Ukraine (101), Armenia (104), Kazakhstan (107), Georgia (114), Kyrgyzstan (121), Azerbaijan (122), Turkmenistan (123), Uzbekistan (128), Moldova (129) and Tajikistan (139).

Ethiopia, Myanmar and Haiti face the most dangerous Internal and External Challenges. Life is without such challenges in 192. Canada, 191. France, and 190. the Netherlands. Situation in Lithuania (162), Latvia (161), and Belarus (160) is calmer than in 152. Estonia, 141. Kazakhstan, 140. Ukraine, 134. Moldova, 120. Armenia, 97. Turkmenistan, 93. Uzbekistan, 81. Russia, 38. Georgia, 24. Azerbaijan, 19. Kyrgyzstan, and 12. Tajikistan. The Minimal Level of Democracy is the highest in Switzerland, Canada and the Netherlands. It is lower in 32. Lithuania, 41. Ukraine, 52. Latvia, and there is more democracy in Belarus than in Kyrgyzstan or Estonia: 58. Estonia, 67. Armenia, 81. Moldova, 93. Russia, 135. Azerbaijan, 149. Belarus, 152. Kazakhstan, 154. Kyrgyzstan, 159. Uzbekistan, 160. Georgia, 172. Tajikistan, 187. Turkmenistan. It is mentioned in the report specially that level of democracy in Russia is incomparable than in such undemocratic countries as Georgia or Iran.

The author also used so called Cluster Analysis and as a result The Pole of Prosperity (Austria, Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands and the Czech Republic) as well as The Arc of Danger (Ethiopia, Mozambique, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Rwanda) were found. Also, there are The States without Democracy (Saudi Arabia, Libya, Tunis, Iran, Turkmenistan) and the Democracies without Statehood (Tuvalu, Dominica, Cape Verde, Fiji, Samoa). If to constrict the clusters, a group of world leaders appear - the USA, Great Britain, Germany, Italy, China, Russia, France and Japan and the superclub (the USA, Russia and China). If to move further, only the USA and Russia leave in the leader group in the world. Expert.

21 November, Tuesday:

2. NO TRANSFER TO REAL PARLIAMENTARY REPUBLIC IS MADE IN KYRGYZSTAN. Ajdar Kurtov of the Asia Analitika Foundation wrote about the new Kyrgyz constitution on 21 November, saying no transfer to real parliamentary republic was made in Kyrgyzstan by adopting it. According to him, a real showing of a parliamentary republic is a political accountability of the government before the parliament not before the president. However, according to the new Kyrgyz constitution, even if the parliament votes for no confidence to government, the president makes a final decision - either to send the government in resignation or to dissolve the parliament.

In the second part of the article published on 22 November, Kurtov says the definition in the new constitution that not less than 50 percent of parliamentarians should be elected on party lists could mean both 51 and 99 percent. Also, in all the parliamentary republics in the world, total number of seats won by a political party in a parliament are counted, not only the seats won on the party lists. However, the new Kyrgyz constitution says the latter must be done and if no party wins more than 50 percent of the seats given to party lists, a president again decides which party should form a government and it could be a party, according to the constitution, which wins no seat in the parliament. AsiaInform

3. THE NEW CONSTITUTION DOES NOT CORRESPOND TO RULES OF WORKING OUT SUCH DOCUMENTS. The same day, Gulnara Iskakova of the American University in Bishkek wrote in an article published by the Institute for Public Policy that the recent events in Kyrgyzstan "demonstrate a very good advancement among our political elite. Firstly, the opposition suggested rational, although somewhat undeveloped, ideas that should contribute to the modernization of our system… i.e. not power for the sake of power but power for reforms, for public good. According to Weber’s widely recognized typology of power, part of the political elite in our country – the opposition – grew from the revolutionary charismatic type of leadership, wherein leaders rather than ideas are extolled, and developed into a modern, rational-legal Western type of power, in which binding ideas, rules and procedures govern, rather than people".

As for the given result - the constitution - "The text lacks the correctness and integrity of commonly-used terminology, points of style, logic, and consistency", because "in our country, we do not follow laws. We write them, adopt and change them, and always speak about their imperfection, but we do not know how to apply them". That is why, "with the new Constitution we reacquired the old system with an irresponsible Parliament, an irresponsible President, and rules that generate conflicts between the President and Jogorku Kenesh". IPP

22 November, Wednesday:

4. KYRGYZ PEOPLE HEAD FOR RUSSIA MORE THAN FOR THE USA. Results of a nationwide survey conducted by the company Baltic Surveys/The Gallup Organization on request of the US International Republican Institute and sponsored by USAID were published in Bishkek on 22 November. According to them, 91 percent out of 1,500 surveyed people said Kyrgyzstan should head in its foreign policy for Russia and only 2 percent were favourable for the USA. Sixty-two percent said the country is moving in the right direction in its development, and 30 percent said it is a wrong track. 40 percent fear of a civil war, 28 percent fear of disturbances, and the one-third of poverty. More than a half of the respondents said their living conditions were improved in the last year, 36 percent said the corruption level rose after the Tulip Revolution of 2005 and only 2 percent gave unconditional support to President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. RIA Novosti. 24.kg, Kabar

5. THE PARLIAMENT AGAINST JOINING THE HIPC INITIATIVE. Majority of the parliamentary committee on budget and finances expressed on 22 November their opposition against joining of Kyrgyzstan to the HIPC Initiative. Committee Chairman Akmatbek Keldibekov said al the foreign investors would leave Kyrgyzstan if its joins the program and suggested selling shares of the gold projects Jerooy, Kumtor and Taldy-Bulak on the international market instead. Chairman of another parliamentary committee Bektemir Murzubraimov suggested setting up a special national fund repay the foreign debt. Deputy Arslan Maliyev presented his law draft, according to which Kyrgyzstan should recognize officially that a revolution took place in the country on 24 March 2005 and Kyrgyzstan rejects any debt commitments made by the previous government, as did Russia in 1917. Deputy Bolot Maripov suggested rejecting any help from the World Bank or the International Monetary Fund and Maliyev added that IMF and WB experts suggested buying sheep from Australia for $3,500 each while themselves received $20,000 to $30,000 wages in Kyrgyzstan monthly.

Business Associations Congress Director Chinara Seydakhmatova said the same day the non-governmental organizations would collect signatures against joining the initiative and they plan conducting a large-scale civil forum on 10 December. State Secretary of the Ministry of Economy and Finances Azamat Dikambayev said on 22 November a mission of the World Bank would visit Kyrgyzstan on 29 November - 15 December to discuss conditions of the Kyrgyzstan joining the imitative. Minister Akylbek Japarov told the committee the same day the government would decide, however, a decision would be sent to the parliament for consideration in any case. The Party of People's Movement of Kyrgyzstan offered on 24 November to set up a rescue fund where anybody could make contribution.

HIPC (Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative) is an international program aimed at reducing the burden of foreign debts of poor countries with high level of indebtedness. Participation in the program is voluntarily for both creditors and indebted countries. The creditors assume obligation to reduce index of net present value of indebted countries’ foreign debts up to threshold indices determined by the HIPC. Regnum, 24.kg, Kabar

23 November, Thursday:

6. THE AUTHORITIES BEGIN A PROCESS OF DISBANDING THE PARLIAMENT - TEKEBAYEV. Deputy Omurbek Tekebayev said at a parliamentary session on 23 November that the authorities in the Bishkek White House took a decision to dissolve the parliament in December 2006, however, the bureaucrats in the house could loose their positions by doing it. The day before, several youth organizations appealed to the government asking for support to disband the parliament. Former State Secretary Dastan Sarygulov said on 23 November that after adopting a new constitution, the incumbent parliament, elected according to the old constitution, entered in conflict with the new one. However, the move began earlier, Deputy of Parliament Kamchybek Tashiyev suggested the parliament to self-disbanding on 20 November and Deputy Isa Omurkulov joined him. Another parliamentarian Melis Eshimkanov suggested on 17 November the parliament himself became a stumbling-block in the country development and offered the it to disband itself to elect new deputies according to the new constitution. Itar-Tass, Interfax, 24.kg, Regnum, Kabar

24 November, Friday:

7. PREMIER KULOV IN MINSK. Prime Minister Feliks Kulov took part in Minsk on 24 November in a meeting of the CIS prime ministers, which considered plans of the organization for 2007-2010 and accepted a report by the head of the CIS Counter Terrorism Centre. The premiers signed a program of fighting human trafficking and a document on forming a joint air defence system. Prior to the summit in Minsk, CIS defense ministers discussed in Brest, Belarus, issues of a joint air defense system and peacekeeping actions in the CIS. Kulov and Prime Minister Sergei Sidorsky of Belarus signed in Minsk on 24 November a protocol on accession of Belarus to the World Trade Organization. RIA Novosti, BelTA, 24.kg, Kabar

8. COLOR REVOLUTIONS ARE THE FINAL ACT OF THE USSR COLLAPSE - A RUSSIAN EXPERT. Sergei Markedonov of the Russian Institute for Political and Military Analyses wrote on the site Politkom on 24 November that attention of the world actors are paid to the former Soviet area for the second time after the USSR collapse and the 'color revolutions' are the second act of that process, which leads to end of the Moscow dominance on the area. The revolutions are also a test for the new independent states for their state independence and democratization if the cases of Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan have some positive results. The post Soviet republics see their future as national and democratic societies and Russia with its USSR mask has very modest role in it. Politkom


9. On 19-21 November, Ombudsman Tursunbai Bakir uulu took part in Karlovy Vary in a meeting of ombudsmen of the CIS and Baltic states, which discussed issues of strategic planning in activity of the ombudspersons. 24.kg

10. On 20 November, Melis Eshimkanov, deputy of parliament and member of the commission to probe into the case of Deputy Omurbek Tekebayev (drugs were found in his baggage on 5 September) said the commission led by State Secretary Adakhan Madumarov, does everything to shield Janybek Bakiyev, a brother of the president, who allegedly was involved in framing Tekebayev. 24.kg

11. On 20 November, President Kurmanbek Bakiyev approved a new 22-strong membership of the National Commission on the State Language (Tashboo Jumagulov kept his chairmanship) and asked the government to work out a program of development of the state language together with the commission. PresPS, Interfax

12. On 20 November, Deputy of Parliament Bolot Sherniyazov said at a parliamentary session that Deputy Chairman of the Border Guarding Service Zarif Kudaibergenov met the plane arrived from London to Bishkek on 29 July 2006 personally and asked the border guards not to check the documents of the two its passengers. According to Sherniyazov, one of the passengers was tycoon Boris Berezovsky, wanted in Russia, and the service shielded him. 24.kg

13. On 20 November, the Interbilim Center and several other non-governmental organizations appealed to the president, prime minister and prosecutor general asking to give a public estimation to behavior of Chairman of the National Security Service General Murat Sutalinov, who showed an indecent gesture and used foul language while police dispersed a rally in Bishkek on 7 November. The KOORT and NTS TV channels showed it and then the First Channel of Russia repeated it. To receive the open letter, please send a request to IdinovN@tiscali.cz. Interbilim

14. On 20 November, Russian Kommersant reported many economies in Eastern Europe and CIS reform their financial and banking sectors but Belarus and Kyrgyzstan could face serious difficulties in these fields. Kommersant

15. On 20 November, head of the Russian holding Systema Aleksander Goncharuk said in an interview with Russian Kommersant that the game for the Kyrgyz GSM operator Bitel is not over yet and his holding would try to complete the issue. Kommersant

16. On 21 November, Sergei Markedonov of the Russian Institute for Political and Military Analyses said Kyrgyzstan proved it is not a failed country as some experts said after the Tulip Revolution. Kabar

17. On 21 November, the EurasiaNet site reported, "Informal patronage networks and kinship ties played a pivotal role in determining the outcome of the recent constitutional crisis in Kyrgyzstan, enabling an opposition coalition to secure enhanced checks on executive authority". EurasiaNet

18. On 21 November, Shamsudin Mamayev wrote in Russian "Political Magazine" that the November remake of the color revolution happened due to the March revolution of 2005 did not establish a fair society and did not stop corruption in the Kyrgyz society either. PM

19. On 21 November, a report on reformation of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) prepared by the High Level Group was sent to heads of the CIS member states. It should be considered at the CIS summit to be held in Minsk on 28 November. Regnum

20. On 21 November, the Voice of Freedom fund announced beginning of a campaign for decriminalization of mass media aiming to exclude the label clauses from the Criminal Code. 24.kg

21. On 21 November, the Voice of Freedom fund said the Jalal-Abad City prosecutors opened a criminal case against policemen accused of torturing detainees on 5 August after repeated reports by human rights activists. VoF

22. On 21 November, Head of the State Agency on Intellectual Property Roman Omorov told journalists in Bishkek that 85 percent of vide and audio production in the country is pirate one and some state institutions patronize their production. 24.kg

23. On 21 November, State Secretary of the Agency for Alcohol Production Orozgan Sydykov said the state does not receive dividends from the alcohol industry, it is disadvantageous for the country and is full of illegal production. Kabar

24. On 21 November, the Ministry of Economy and Finances said there were 73,900 unemployed registered in the country by 1 November and it is more than in 2005 by 15.3 percent. According to the Committee for Migration and Employment 105,400 people were registered at the agency looking for job by 1 November. Kabar

25. On 21 November, the Statistical Committee said average monthly salary in Kyrgyzstan is 2,881 soms or $71. Kabar

26. On 21 November, Asel Begaliyeva of the Meyerim charity foundation said the prosecutors closed criminal investigation into activity of the foundation and its bank account also was reopened. Kabar

27. On 21 November, Vice Prime Minister Tynychbek Tabyldiev said the World Bank gives $26.9 million to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan for a joint program on prevention a HIV/AIDS epidemics. Kabar

28. On 21-22 November, Minister of Emergencies Janysh Rustenbekov took part in Beijing in a second meeting of the emergency situations ministers of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which adopted an action plan on cooperation in preventing disasters and conducting rescues in 2007-2008. Kabar

29. On 22 November, the Committee for Migration and Employment held in Bishkek a round table on a state program for migration regulation. It was said at the meeting that 48 percent of internal migrants came to Bishkek in the first half of 2006 and the rest 52 percent arrived in the Chui Province surrounded Bishkek. 24.kg, Kabar

30. On 22 November, Kyrgyz mobile operator Bitel accused a subsidiary of the Russia's largest mobile operator Mobile TeleSystems (MTS) of falsifying documents presenting some international courts papers that criminal cases concerned to Bitel were closed. Cellular-News, Vedomosti, MForum, Kommersant, Finmarket, Prime-Tass

31. On 22 November, the Institute for War and Peace Reporting gave an opinion by Director of the Bishkek Centre for Economic Analysis Saparbek Orozbakov, who compared the money transferring to Kyrgyzstan from abroad by labor migrants with "the Dutch disease", "The increasing flow of foreign currency into Kyrgyzstan contributes to inflation and appreciation of the som. These phenomena in turn have a negative impact on the economy". IWPR

32. On 22 November, Nurlan Abdullayev reported on the site CentrAsia about a quiet expansion of Tajikistan into Kyrgyzstan. According to him, there were 23,000 residents in the Tajik Vorukh enclave in Kyrgyzstan five years ago and about 40,000 people live there now and it is not a natural increase. CentrAsia

33. On 22 November, member of the Ata Meken opposition party Bakyt Kalpetov was detained in Bishkek being accused of taking part in beating Deputy General of the National TV Beishebek Bekeshev during a rally in Bishkek on 5 November. 24.kg, Kabar

34. On 22 November, Russian "Vedomosti" reported the Interglass-NN enterprise near the city of Nizhny Novgorod begins working in December and its constitutor is the Interglass plant from Kyrgyzstan. Vedomosti

35. On 23 November, it was announced a new parliamentary group "Kyrgyzstan" was registered in the parliament and ethnic Uzbeks were joined in it mostly. The Ak Jol parliamentary group also was formed in the parliament, while the group People Unity stopped its activity as a parliamentary group. 24.kg

36. On 23 November, the Uzbekneftegaz Company said it couldn't sign a contract on supply Kyrgyzstan with natural gas in 2007 until the Electrical Stations enterprise of Kyrgyzstan gives written guarantees to supply Uzbekistan with electric power. Electrical Stations replied the same day it demands the Uzbek side to pay 1.3 cent per kilowatt-hour, but Tashkent insist to pay 0.9 cent only while increasing itself the gas price from $55 to $100 per 1,000 cubic meters. 24.kg, UzReport

37. On 23 November, the Uzbek site Press-uz.info reported that registration of the Akhmadia religious group in Kyrgyzstan could would damage both Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan because religious extremists could act under its shield. Press-uz.info

38. On 23 November, Almaz Asanbayev of the Committee for Migration and Employment said there are 350,000 Kyrgyz citizens working abroad - 280,000 in Russia and 80,000 in Kazakhstan, and 10 percent of them only do it legally. They transfer $700 million yearly to their relatives in Kyrgyzstan. According to Asanbayev, the unemployment rate is now 17.3 percent in Kyrgyzstan. Kabar

39. On 23 November, the Committee for Migration and Employment said number of refugees in Kyrgyzstan decreased three times in the last five years and there are now in the country 2,735 registered refugees now, 2,400 of whom should receive Kyrgyz citizenship by the end of 2006. Kabar

40. On 23 November, an exhibition devoted to the 80th anniversary of the Nikolai Rerikh expedition to the Central Asia was opened in Bishkek. Kabar

41. On 23-24 November, the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights held in Bishkek training courses for election observers from Central Asia, the Caucasus, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. 24.kg, Kabar

42. On 24 November, President Kurmanbek Bakiyev said at the first meeting of the People's Assembly of Kyrgyzstan the recent rallies showed a low level of political culture in the country. According to him, the opposition could have some other aims except reforming the constitution, because the positions of the authorities and opposition differed on the date of the constitution adoption only. RIA Novosti, Kabar

43. On 24 November, Joomart Ormonbekov wrote in an article published by the Institute for Public Policy, "NATO considers our state as one of the key states in the region, both in the spheres of fighting terrorism and the current fashionable discourse within NATO on general democratic values". However, "these emerging favorable conditions notwithstanding, Kyrgyzstan is again very slow in using this potential effectively". IPP

44. On 24 November, the Central Election Commission passed approved that Almambet Matubraimov was elected deputy of the parliament from the Myrza-Ake constituency. The by-election was held on 29 October. CEC

45. On 24 November, parliamentary Speaker Marat Sultanov and former Speaker Omurbek Tekebayev scuffled in the parliament after the speaker agreed to re-vote on the candidacies of local and Supreme Court judges. The issue was settled on 23 November and Tekebayev said bribes could be behind the re-voting. Deputy Akmatbek Keldibekov replied people die from strokes due to illegal actions of Tekebayev. RIA Novosti, 24.kg

46. On 24 November, the My Country Party appealed to the president asking to make a constituency, which seat in the parliament is vacant, a women constituency because a unisexual parliament after 15 years of democracy in Kyrgyzstan is absurd. 24.kg

47. On 24 November, the National Bank said that Kyrgyz people keep at home more than 13,000 million soms, or $300 million, while the people deposits in the commercial banks consist 5 percent only of their reserves. Director of the Agency for Financial Control Yuruslan Toichubekov said on 21 November people keep at home $700 million. Regnum, Kabar

48. On 24 November, Russian "Vedomosti" reported that a new novel "When the Mountains Fall" by Kyrgyz Writer Tchingiz Aitmatov was presented in Saint Petersburg, Russia, the same day and published an interview with the author. Aitmatov said he did not take part in the recent events in Bishkek but made an appeal to their participants asking for tolerance and responsibility. Vedomosti

49. On 24-25 November, the parliament and the Committee for Migration and Employment with support from the Eurasia Foundation and the Soros Kyrgyzstan Foundation held in Bishkek an international conference on legal regulations of labour migration. The Kyrgyz and Russian representatives agreed forming a regional council of experts and consultants on the issue. 24.kg, Kabar

50. Appointments and dismissals: On 24 November, President Kurmanbek Bakiyev dismissed Governor of the Issyk-Kul Province Esengul Omuraliev from the post and appointed Kydykbek Isaev instead of him. PresPS, 24.kg

Naryn Aiyp.
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